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United Kingdom Television

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  • United Kingdom Television

    In the United Kingdom several different channels provide television.

    The Terrestrial Networks

    BBC 1 and BBC 2. The two British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) channels are nationwide services paid for using an annual licence fee charged on every family in Britain having a TV set. Some programming is brought in but most is made in the BBCÆs own studios. The copyright belongs to the BBC and producers are normally employees. The British Government owns the BBC and it censors itself.

    ITV (now ITV1). The Independent Television (ITV) channel is a group of regional broadcasting companies that show a mixture of networked and local programming. Paid for using advertising. They have their own studios and each company probably keeps the copyright. Producers are normally employees. Shares in the companies can be bought on the stock market. Censored by the ITC.

    Channel 4. A nationwide network channel paid for using advertising. Buys in all its programmes, does not have any studios and the (export) copyright belongs to the independent producer. The British Government owns Channel 4 but it is censored by the ITC.

    Channel 5. A nationwide channel paid for using advertising. Insufficient transmission power is used so many parts of the country cannot see it. I do not know where the programmes come from. Owned by a German company and uses a different censorship arrangements from everyone else.

    Satellite Channels.

    There are a large group of satellite channels. Some are specialist channels carrying films, sports or cartoons or music plus other things and a few general-purpose channels. Many are attached to US channels. ITC censors.

    Digital Channels.

    There are about 40 digital channels. Normally an extra set top box is needed to receive them. They consist of the 5 terrestrial channels plus various 24 hour news shows, cartoons, history, music, home shopping and a few weird ones like Bravo and ITV2. Various radio channels are also rebroadcast.
    Last edited by Andrew_Swallow; 07-07-2004, 09:57 PM.
    Andrew Swallow

  • #2
    Information about (UK) Channel 5


    Five's main shareholder the RTL Group is already one of the most successful television and radio companies in Europe. Formed by the merger of CLT-UFA and Pearson Television, the Group now has broadcasting interests across Europe, and production businesses spanning five continents.

    RTL operates an online career market across the entire group of affiliated broadcasters. When there are vacancies they will be listed under Five on the following RTL web site The site also shows other career opportunities around Europe.

    For your information, Five is a broadcaster / publisher; we commission programmes from independent companies, and therefore we do not have presenting, production, technical or studio work available. {My bold}


    Statement of intent 2004

    2004 provides a fantastic opportunity for Five to achieve greater creativity and grow our audience share. An 8 per cent increase in our programme budget will certainly help the channel move into the next stage of its life. We will be continuing to find new ways of covering the arts, history, current affairs and contemporary factual programmes building on the successes of the last two years. And we are eager to tackle what has become an increasingly neglected area on other channels: science. Our interest in this important genre is demonstrated by our starting the year with Britain s leading scientists tackling the biggest unanswered questions in their fields.

    Five remains committed to:

    Focussed commissioning based on a clear understanding of our place in the television landscape.

    A distinctive and innovative schedule that has stand alone integrity, but which also complements those of other broadcasters.

    Risk taking and experimentation with new talent on and off-air.

    Providing quality programmes across the whole spectrum of different genres
    {Snip of what they doing in each genre from science through news to drama.}

    innovation, risk taking and new talent

    Innovation, risk taking and new talent remain at the forefront of our commissioning policy. We aim to be different from the other free-to-air broadcasters with a range of programming that is modern and straight talking. In our six years on air, Five has made a difference to the world of terrestrial television. We super-serve the pre-school age group and provide an alternative and accessible news service to the bulletins on ITV, BBC and Channel 4. During peak our viewers experience a fresh, accessible schedule with news on the hour every hour, high quality documentaries, factual entertainment, strong features, arts, science, strong American dramas and regular movies.

    relationship with indies

    Five has excellent relations with the independent sector with whom we have earned a reputation for being fast, supportive and good to do business with. As required by the Communications Act, we have (now agreed / are in the process of agreeing) with the ITC and OFCOM a Code of Practice for commissioning independent producers in the future.

    ofcom targets for 2004

    Independent production not less than 25%

    Originations - not less than 51% of total hours and at least 42% of programmes in peak.

    News 469 hours per year (9 hours per week) with at least 140 hours in peak.

    Current Affairs 130 hours (2 hours 30 mins per week) with at least 10 hours in peak.

    Regional Production 10% of expenditure on UK made programmes and 10% of hours of UK made programmes to be produced outside the M25 area

    Religion - 52 hours per year (one hour per week)

    Children s total 570 hours (11 hours per week)
    Children s drama 40 hours per year (45 minutes per week)
    Children s information (including pre school) 478 hours per year ( 9 hours 10 minutes per week).

    Documentaries 104 hours per year

    Education 156 hours per year (3 hours per week)

    Arts - 26 hours per year ( 30 minutes per week)

    Repeats No more than 40% of total hours. No more than 15% of commissions repeated in peak.

    note unless otherwise stated, all origination targets are all to be scheduled between 6 am and midnight.

    about Five -> Corporate -> Producers Notes
    there is a big section

    submitting programme ideas

    How to submit a programme idea to Five

    Five's programme controllers have clear remits on the types of programmes to commission. Before submitting a programme idea to Five it is worthwhile familiarising yourself with each individual controller's requirements, to ensure that your proposal won't be dismissed out of hand.

    Once you have identified the relevant controller at Five and are satisfied that your programme idea may meet their basic requirements, we recommend you submit a brief synopsis in writing (e-mail is acceptable) directly to the controller concerned. We aim to respond within four weeks.

    Visit our 'controller pages', to find out more about Five's programme controllers and their remits.

    Click here to read Five's Code of Practice Relating to Programme Commissioning of Independent Productions

    Click here to view The Code of Practice for the Submission of Programme Proposals as agreed between the Alliance for the Protection of Copyright, the BBC, ITV, Channel 4 and Five
    Andrew Swallow


    • #3
      All very interesting, but what's your point ?

      As someone else from 'the south coast of England' I would be more interested to know what will happen when analogue tv is 'switched off' in a couple of years time.

      How will it work ? Will people have to buy set top boxes ? Will people have to buy new tv's ? Will people still pay tv licenses in the same way ?


      • #4
        Originally posted by Bonehead
        All very interesting, but what's your point ?
        1. It is to help the Independent Film/TV producers on this newsgroup get work.
        2. Show how to cut out the over paid middlemen.
        3. It is also to prove that I am not mad.

        As someone else from 'the south coast of England' I would be more interested to know what will happen when analogue tv is 'switched off' in a couple of years time.
        My guess is that the politicians and civil servants will get a big shock when they find that they have annoyed a lot of voters by switching off the analogue TV transmitters. They will get a second shock when they find that the mobile phone companies do not want to pay enormous sums of money for the old TV frequencies.

        How will it work ? Will people have to buy set top boxes ? Will people have to buy new tv's ? Will people still pay tv licenses in the same way ?
        They are beginning to include digital receivers in new TVs so it will be safe to switch the analogue channels off in 20 years time. At about ú60 ($90) each set top boxes are not too expensive.

        The BBC likes its ú116 ($175) licence fee so it will be reluctant to give it up. A subscription service will probably cost 3 times the price since most Sun readers will not want to pay ú2 a week for a moving pictures version of the Guardian newspaper.
        Last edited by Andrew_Swallow; 07-16-2004, 08:57 AM.
        Andrew Swallow


        • #5
          Originally posted by Andrew_Swallow

          They are beginning to include digital receivers in new TVs so it will be safe to switch the analogue channels off in 20 years time.
          The problem is that they are talking of a possible date as early as 2006. See below article.

          BBC Article


          • #6
            Originally posted by Bonehead
            The problem is that they are talking of a possible date as early as 2006. See below article.

            BBC Article
            Yes, Operation Lemming Run has started.
            Andrew Swallow


            • #7
              it's going to be a real nuisance if they do do it, cos while we get digital via cable, if there is a clash of viewing (rare, but it can happen) then we choose to tape the digital while watching the terrestrial via the arial.

              Our TV is only 5 years old and I have no intention of replacing it within the next 10 years - unless it blows up or someone gives me ú5000 for a nice flatscreen to hang on the wall!


              • #8

                BBC to be purely digital by 2010

                Broadcaster expects to cut 10 per cent from production costs
                Daniel Thomas, Computing 21 Jul 2004

                The BBC says it plans to digitise its entire production process by 2010 and expects to cut costs by more than 10 per cent as result.

                The broadcaster has already started all-digital editing and distribution of programmes for selected channels such as BBC Three and BBC Four (Computing, 25 May).

                And the corporation has now started a trial to test the viability of a commercial broadband TV service called interactive Media Player (iMP).

                Andrew Swallow